Employment Numbers by Industry Sector

The number of employees has decreased from 2014 to 2015 in 9 sectors, and increased in 2 sectors (Electricity & water and Education) which only increased marginally by (200 and 1100 employees respectively).

The biggest decline in employees over the period was in the Distribution Restaurants and Hotels sector which declined by 12100 employees, other sectors that showed large decline in number of employees were; Health (7900) and Manufacturing (5700).

The following numbers exclude the agriculture sector and the figures also exclude small businesses in rural areas. As at December 2015 the number of persons employed per industry sector is listed in the table below:

Table 1: Employees per industry sector in thousands

December 2014 December 2015 Change in number of employees
Mining And Quarrying 38.5 36.5 -2.0
Manufacturing 91.0 85.3 -5.7
Electricity And Water 18.7 18.9 0.2
Construction 20.6 19.3 -1.3
Financial Insurance And Real Estate 50.2 47.8 -2.4
Distribution Restaurants And Hotels 80.9 68.8 -12.1
Transport And Communications 35.3 34.3 -1.0
Public Administration 110.3 109.8 -0.5
Education 148.4 149.5 1.1
Health 45.3 37.4 -7.9
Private Domestic 160.4 160.4 0.0
Services Other 52.1 48.3 -3.8

                                               Source: Zimstats

Definition of an employee

The data collection is based on the following definition of an employee:

An employee is defined as a person who works for a public or private employer for more than 30 hours per week. Working owners of private liability companies are included within this definition”.