atrophy medical definition

2. to undergo or cause such a decrease. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'atrophy' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. disuse atrophy atrophy of a tissue or organ as a result of inactivity or diminished function. Vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis) is thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal walls that may occur when your body has less estrogen. What does atrophy mean? Infections of the brain can also lead to the death of brain cells and cerebral atrophy. Atrophy is a hallmark of conditions such as starvation, aging, and certain disease states. Atrophy Attack!:???? To cause to wither or deteriorate; affect with atrophy. Brain atrophy can refer to a loss of brain cells or a loss in the number of connections between these cells. Definition . Read medical definition of Atrophy. Eventually, they begin to shrink. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Atrophy Definition. Atrophy is the general physiological process of reabsorption and breakdown of tissues involving apoptosis. Dementia is characterized by a progressive impairment of memory and intellectual function that is severe enough to interfere with social and work skills. adj., adj atroph´ic. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Muscle atrophy can also happen if you’re bedridden or unable to move certain body parts due to a medical condition. English Language Learners Definition of atrophy (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for atrophy in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Medical Definition of atrophy (Entry 2 of 2), Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for atrophy, Nglish: Translation of atrophy for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of atrophy for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about atrophy. Symptoms vary, and treatment may include physical therapy, functional electric stimulation, or … What does atrophy mean? Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary 2. to undergo or cause such a decrease. Definition and synonyms of atrophy from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. Is There a Relationship Between Use of Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Agents and Atrophic Changes in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Patients? Change your default dictionary to American English. Atrophy definition is - decrease in size or wasting away of a body part or tissue; also : arrested development or loss of a part or organ incidental to the normal development or life of an animal or plant. Send us feedback. Atrophy can be physiological and pathological, systemic and local. diagnosis atrophy. Muscle atrophy caused by a nerve … A wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body, as from death and reabsorption of cells, diminished cellular proliferation, decreased cellular volume, pressure, ischemia, malnutrition, lessened function, or hormonal changes. 184.4%. Medical definition of atrophy. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? adj., adj atroph´ic. Medical Definition of Exhaustion atrophy. cast a vote. Pill Identifier Tool Quick, Easy, Pill Identification Atrophy is developmental arrest occurring in early childhood. Cerebral atrophy can occur due to brain injury, as in the case of stroke, or to a neurological disease, such as Alzheimer’s disease, cerebral palsy, or Huntington’s disease. In some cases, disuse atrophy can be reversed if the muscles become active again. Previous definition. (medical) the condition of losing fat, muscle, strength, etc. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. circumscribed cerebral atrophy pick's disease. 13 synonyms of atrophy from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 34 related words, definitions, and antonyms. adj., adj atroph´ic. 3. However, atrophy is not exclusively a pathologic state. Definition of Atrophy. View the pronunciation for atrophy. In addition, muscles began to, Because of an incomplete spine, only one nerve serviced her legs, causing them to, Communion with nature strengthens both body and soul; isolation from nature causes both to, Like its regular season counterpart, college football’s bowl season has seen its fair share of, Becoming idle increases the chances of muscle, He was honored for overcoming spinal muscular, No matter where symptoms first appear, muscle weakness and, Then, just days later, one of McBride’s newborns, Conor, was diagnosed with a leading genetic cause of infant death: spinal muscular, One of these therapies, onasemnogene abeparvovec (marketed as Zolgensma), treats a neurodegenerative condition called spinal muscular, The Palm Springs Desert Sun reported that Heckmann died from complications related to multiple system, Spinraza, a treatment for spinal muscular, Post the Definition of atrophy to Facebook, Share the Definition of atrophy on Twitter, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. Atrophy, decrease in size of a body part, cell, organ, or other tissue. This is the British English definition of atrophy.View American English definition of atrophy. Others — like Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s disease — will get progressively worse in both symptoms and brain atrophy over time. Causes of atrophy include mutations (which can destroy the gene to build up the organ), poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, excessive amount of apoptosis of cells, and disuse or lack of exercise or disease intrinsic to the tissue itself. These disorders are passed down through families (inherited) and can appear at any stage of life. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Gastric atrophy: A condition in which the stomach muscles shrink and become weak. disuse atrophy atrophy of a tissue or organ as a result of inactivity or diminished function. Meaning of atrophy. We also use atrophy in a much more general sense. Medical Definition of Olivopontocerebellar atrophy Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Olivopontocerebellar atrophy: A group of genetic diseases in which there is progressive degeneration of the olivopontocerebellar pathway in the brain … Atrophy: to become worse or of less value. Atrophy of the optic disk which may be congenital or acquired. Atrophy is a hallmark of conditions such as starvation, aging, and certain disease states. acute yellow atrophy massive hepatic necrosis. 2. to undergo or cause such a decrease. Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. SMA is a collection of different motor nerve diseases. atrophy definition in English dictionary, atrophy meaning, synonyms, see also 'atopy',atrophic',atropin',Atropos'. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; home > atrophy Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Disuse atrophy occurs when a muscle is no longer as active as usual. It can be from an injury to, or disease of a nerve that connects to the muscle. Although atrophic cells may have diminished function, they are not dead. How to use atrophy in a sentence. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Meaning of atrophy. The disorder leads to muscle weakness and atrophy. Some alternative medicines are used to treat vaginal dryness and irritation associated with menopause, but few approaches are backed by sufficient evidence from clinical trials. I’m Normal ! Vaginal atrophy occurs most often after menopause. 4. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of disorders of the motor neurons (motor cells). Learn more. 2. to undergo or cause such a decrease. Learn more. adj., adj atroph´ic. Spinal muscular atrophy types I, II or III belong to a group of inherited diseases. Physiological atrophy is a function of the growth changes of an organism (atrophy of the thymus during puberty, atrophy of the sex glands, skin, and bones in old people, and so on). circumscribed cerebral atrophy pick's disease. Atrophy is the term used to describe the wasting away or reduction in size of a part of the body, ultimately decreasing the function of the affected area. Those who have been bedridden for a period of time will notice that their muscles have atrophied. Atrophy definition , etiology , mechanism. Other common causes of disuse atrophy include medical conditions that decrease mobility, such as rheumatoid arthritis (chronic autoimmune disease characterized by joint inflammation) or osteoarthritis (thinning and weakening of the bones), and injuries, such as broken bones and burns. circumscribed cerebral atrophy pick's disease. Extended periods of weightlessness resulted in body fluids pooling in the upper torso, causing changes in how the heart pumped blood. Pathologic atrophy is seen with aging, starvation, and diseases such as Cushing disease (because of taking too much medicines called corticosteroids). This condition reduces function of the area. Atrophy of any tissue means loss of cells. Free. atrophy [at´ro-fe] 1. decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; see also wasting. disuse atrophy: [ at´ro-fe ] 1. decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; see also wasting . Multiple system atrophy - the cerebellar type with "hot cross bun sign" on MRI, Extensive Macular Atrophy with Pseudodrusen Imaged with OCT Angiography, CLINICAL AND RADIOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF PARRY-ROMBERG SYNDROME/Parry-Romberg Sendromunun Klinik ve Radyografik Ozellikleri. Atrophy definition atrophy is a term that describes the wasting away of cell tissue. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'atrophy.' QUESTION What causes tooth decay? Rapid atrophy primarily affecting the topline is characteristic of immune-mediated myositis in Quarter Horse related breeds. Atrophy 1. Atrial flutter Disuse atrophy is a type of muscle atrophy, or muscle wasting, which refer to a decrease in the size of muscles in the body. Atrophy is the result of a predominance of dissimilation over the processes of assimilation. Definition of atrophy in the Definitions.net dictionary. This process if often gradual and chronic, if not permanent. acute yellow atrophy massive hepatic necrosis. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Axcella Publishes Data Describing Attenuation of Muscle Atrophy with AXA2678 in Short-Term Muscle Disuse Study, A Charity Footprints Powered Global Virtual Walkathon is Underway to Raise Money and Awareness for Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) - a Rare and Terminal Disorder, Ospemifene, an oral SERM for dyspareunia of menopause: Is it being underutilized? Learn more about the types and physiological effects of atrophy. Find another word for atrophy. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Definition Decrease size of organ as a result of decrease in both the number and size of the cells. A wasting away of a tissue or organ, often because of insufficient nutrition. Information and translations of atrophy in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions … Definitions. It also occurs normally in some cells and organs at certain life stages. See additional information . Atrophy is the wasting away or reduction in size of some part of the body. Symptoms of cerebral atrophy: Many diseases that cause cerebral atrophy are associated with dementia, seizures, and a group of language disorders called the aphasias. Alternative medicine. On a larger scale, atrophy can see a reduction in the size and function of a muscle or limb. Medical paternalism—the idea that patients should defer to the intrinsically superior knowledge of physicians in all matters related to health—has been conventional wisdom for millennia. atrophy definition: 1. Learn more about the types and physiological effects of atrophy. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? atrophy [at´ro-fe] 1. decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; see also wasting. Medical definition of spinal muscular atrophy: any of several inherited disorders (as Kugelberg-Welander disease) that are characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord resulting in muscular weakness and atrophy and that in some forms (as Werdnig-Hoffmann disease) are fatal. atrophy [at´ro-fe] 1. decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; see also wasting. acute yellow atrophy massive hepatic necrosis. What Can atrophy? Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often due to extended immobility. 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